Cooking Measurements In the kitchen are an important key factor to achieve the best results in regular day-to-day cooking. The food ingredients are usually measured in US customary (also called US standard), metric and Japanese gō units around the world. All the recipes shared here in this blog are measured using US standard measurements and each recipe card also has metric conversions to make your cooking process simple.
However, I have created the detailed US to Metric conversion chart Here to show how the conversion system works especially for cooking.
What are Cooking Measurements?
Cooking Measurements are usually measured in the Metric system in most world countries while it is US Customary in the United States. You may find some of the world recipes in Metric system units such as liters (L), milliliters (mL), grams (g), Kilograms (kg), milligrams (mg), and degrees Celsius (°C). While in the United States the measuring units are cups (c), tablespoon (tbsp), teaspoon (tsp), gallon (gal), fluid ounce (fl oz), and an ounce (oz), and pounds (lb).
So it might be a little confusing when you land on a recipe that follows a Metric system when you are from the United States or vice versa. Not only that, but you may also have many questions about measuring dry, liquid, and semi-solid ingredients. So this post helps you to understand how it works and how to change US standard kitchen measurements to metrics.
How does American Measuring Cups and Spoons Look Like?
If you are used to the Metric or other non-American measuring cups and spoons in your kitchen or you don’t religiously use one, you may wonder how does the American standard or customary Kitchen measurement cups and spoons look to get a good idea of the measurement itself. So, I have shared an image below to get an idea on the same. Note that the shape of the cups and spoons may vary based on the manufacture and how they would like to design the appearance of it but they all measure equal quantity when compared to the same size of a cup or spoon.
Following are the abbreviations for both US standards and metrics used in recipes for ingredients.
|fl. oz||fluid ounce|
US to Metric Liquid Measurement Conversion Chart
Most liquids are converted to milliliters or liters. Let’s say if the recipe says ¼ cup oil and you want the conversion in ml, there comes this liquid measurement conversion chart handy. And the answer is ¼ cup to ml is 59 ml, as simple as that. Some of you also look for the vice versa, the ml to cup conversions. Either way, the chart would be very helpful. The chart also includes fl. oz to ml conversions as well.
Following are the US to Metric Conversions for common Liquid Ingredients.
|1 cup||237 ml|
|¾ cup||177 ml|
|⅔ cup||158 ml|
|½ cup||118 ml|
|⅓ cup||79 ml|
|¼ cup||59 ml|
|⅛ cup||30 ml|
|½ tablespoon||7.5 ml|
|1 teaspoon||5 ml|
|½ teaspoon||2.5 ml|
|1 Fluid Ounce||30 ml|
US to Metric Dry Measurement Conversion Chart
There are different types of dry ingredients like flour, rice, sugar, cereal, and similar other ingredients that may vary in their value when converted from cups to grams. This is because the rice, sugar, cereals, and nuts are heavier and less compressible compared to flours, and powdered sugar. For instance, 1 cup of rice is equal to 210 g while 1 cup of all-purpose flour is 125 g.
Similarly, you may also find a difference in the measurements of vegetables, and nuts compared to compressible ingredients like flour. For instance, 1 cup of flour is equal to 125 g while 1 cup of carrot is 128 g.
So how do you measure the dry ingredients more accurately? To achieve the best cooking results, dry ingredients are usually filled up to the brim of the measuring cup and then leveled evenly using a knife, especially for flours, powdered sugars, etc.
On the other hand, if you want to measure the less compressible ingredients like veggies, then it is recommended to chop them to desired sizes achieve a perfect conversion.
So I have listed some of the basic dry ingredients conversions from US standard(customary) to Metric to give you all an overall idea. And I have also rounded the decimal value to make them easier to understand.
|Ingredients / US||1 cup||1 tbsp||1 tsp||1 oz|
|Granulated Sugar||166 g||13 g||4 g||28 g|
|Powdered Sugar||133 g||8 g||3 g||14 g|
|Brown Sugar||166 g||14 g||5 g||28 g|
|Raw Sugar||207 g||16 g||5 g||31 g|
|All-Purpose Flour||125 g||8 g||3 g||28 g|
|Wheat Flour||113 g||7 g||3 g||28 g|
|Bread Flower||130 g||8 g||3 g||17 g|
|Barley||147 g||9 g||3 g||18 g|
|Breadcrumb||106 g||7 g||2 g||15 g|
|Cornflakes||28 g||2 g||0.5 g||3 g|
|Rice||170 g||11 g||4 g||25 g|
|Wheat||182 g||11 g||4 g||21 g|
|Onion||52 g||3 g||1 g||7 g|
|Carrot||128 g||8 g||3 g||16 g|
|Potatoes||140 g||9 g||3 g||17 g|
|kidney beans||177 g||11 g||4 g||23 g|
|Almonds||109 g||7 g||2 g||18 g|
|Peanuts||125 g||8 g||3 g||16 g|
|Garlic Powder||76 g||5 g||2 g||9 g|
There are some special ingredients measured differently, for instance, yogurt, and jelly. These kinds of ingredients are semi-solid in their states and they have more density compared to liquids like water and milk. So it is usually measured in weights such as grams, or kilograms instead of volume like liters or milliliters. Let’s see some of the conversions for such special ingredients from US standard(customary) to the Metric system.
|Ingredients / US||1 cup||1 tbsp||1 tsp||1 fl. oz|
|Honey||326 g||20 g||7 g||43 g|
|Corn syrup||326 g||20 g||7 g||41 g|
|Jelly||295 g||18 g||6 g||37 g|
|Nutella||298 g||17 g||6 g||32 g|
|Butter||216 g||13 g||4 g||28 g|
|Mayonnaise||215 g||13 g||4 g||29 g|
|Ice Cream||131 g||8 g||3 g||19 g|
|Sour Cream||231 g||14 g||5 g||31 g|
|Yogurt||251 g||16 g||5 g||31 g|
US Standard Dry Measurement Conversion Chart
Following is the US Standard dry measurement conversion chart. This Chart is not a metric conversion but a US conversion. For example, if the recipe calls for 4 tbsp flour but you have only a teaspoon to measure. So this is when the chart comes convenient. So according to the chart 4 tbsp is equal to 12 tsp, simple isn’t it? that’s how it helps.
|1 c||16 tbsp||48 tsp|
|¾ c||12 tbsp||36 tsp|
|½ c||8 tbsp||24 tsp|
|¼ c||4 tbsp||12 tsp|
|⅛ c||2 tbsp||6 tsp|
US Standard Liquid Measurement Conversion Chart
|1 c||16 tbsp||48 tsp||1 c||8 fl. oz||¼ qt||1/16 gal|
|¾ c||12 tbsp||36 tsp||2 c||16 fl. oz||½ qt||⅛ gal|
|½ c||8 tbsp||24 tsp||4 c||32 fl. oz||1 qt||¼ gal|
|¼ c||4 tbsp||12 tsp||8 c||64 fl. oz||2 qt||½ gal|
|⅛ c||2 tbsp||6 tsp||16 c||128 fl. oz||4 qt||1 gal|
Oven Temperature Conversion (c to f or f to c chart)
Following are the popular oven temperature conversions f to c chart or c to f chart for cooking.
|Fahrenheit (F)||Celsius (C)|