Survive the heatwave with these tips for a cooler you and a cooler everyone


oi-Vicky Nanjappa


Published: Friday, April 29, 2022, 12:36 [IST]

Google Oneindia News

New Delhi, Apr 29:
With a heatwave warning being issued for several parts of India, many have takin ample precautions to beat the heat and survive a heat-stroke.

Three are several precautions one must take during a heatwave. It could be precaution for individuals, offices, employers and even in the agriculture sector.

Survive the heatwave with these tips for a cooler you and a cooler everyone

The Agriculture Meteorology Department has given a detailed list of dos and don’ts for various sector. Check out the complete list of dos and don’ts for a heatwave.


Must for All

Dos and Don’ts for Heat wave

  • Listen to Radio; watch TV; read Newspaper for local weather news or download weather information related mobile app.

  • Drink sufficient water – even if not thirsty. Persons with epilepsy or heart, kidney or liver disease who are on fluid-restricted diets or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.

  • Use ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution), homemade drinks like lassi, torani (rice water), lemon water, buttermilk, coconut water, etc. to keep yourself hydrated.

  • Wear lightweight, light-coloured, loose, cotton clothes.

  • If outside, cover your head: Use a cloth, hat or umbrella. Use sunglasses
    to protect your eyes and sunscreen to protect your skin.

  • Get trained in first aid.

  • Take special care for the elderly, children, sick or overweight as they are
    more likely to become victims of excessive heat. (Source imdagrimet)

Employers and Workers

  • Provide cool drinking water at the workplace.

  • Provide resting shade clean water, buttermilk, first-aid kits with ice-packs
    and ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution) for all workers.

  • Caution workers to avoid direct sunlight.

  • Schedule strenuous jobs to cooler times of the day.

  • Increase the frequency and length of rest breaks for outdoor activities.

  • Give lighter work and shorter hours to workers new to a high heat area.

  • Pregnant women and workers with a medical condition should be given
    additional attention.

  • Notify workers about heat wave alerts. (Source imdagrimet)

Other Precautions

  • Stay indoors as much as possible.

  • Traditional remedies like onion salad and raw mango with salt and cumin
    can prevent heat stroke.

  • Use fans, damp clothing and take a bath in cold water frequently.

  • Offer water to vendors and delivery people who come to your home or

  • Use public transport and car-pooling. This will help reduce global
    warming and heat.

  • Don’t burn dry leaves, agriculture waste and garbage.

  • Conserve water bodies. Practice rainwater harvesting.

  • Use energy-efficient appliances, clean fuel and alternative sources of

  • If you feel dizzy or ill, see a doctor immediately or ask somebody to take

  • you to the doctor immediately. (Source imdagrimet)

For a cooler home

  • Use solar reflective white paint, cool roof technology, air-light and cross ventilation and thermo cool insulation for low-cost cooling. You can also keep haystacks or grow vegetation on roofs.

  • Install temporary window reflectors such as aluminum foil-covered cardboard to reflect heat back outside.

  • Keep your home cool, use dark color curtains, tinted glass/ shutters or sunshade and open windows at night. Try to remain on the lower floors.

  • Green roofs, green walls and indoor plants reduce heat by cooling the building naturally, reducing air-conditioning requirements and releasing of waste heat.

  • Maintain AC temperature at 24 degrees or higher. This will reduce your electricity bill and make your health better. (Source imdagrimet)

While building a new Home

  • Use cavity wall technology instead of regular walls.

  • Construct thick walls. They keep the interiors cool.

  • Construct lattice walls and louvered openings. They allow maximum air
    flow while blocking the heat.

  • Use natural materials like lime or mud to coat walls.

  • Avoid glass, if possible.

  • Consult a Building Technology expert before construction.

  • Treatment of a person affected by sunstroke

  • Use a wet cloth / pour water on the victim’s head.

  • Give the person ORS to drink or lemon sarbat / torani or whatever is
    useful to rehydrate the body.

  • Take the person immediately to the nearest health centre.

  • If consistently experiencing high body temperature, throbbing headache,
    nausea, weakness, nausea or disorientation in the summer, call an
    ambulance. (Source imdagrimet)


  • Avoid going out in the sun, especially between 12.00 noon and 3.00 pm

  • Avoid strenuous activities when outside in the afternoon.

  • Do not go out barefoot.

  • Avoid cooking during peak hours. Open doors and windows to ventilate
    cooking area adequately.

  • Avoid alcohol, tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks, which dehydrates
    the body.

  • Avoid high-protein, salty, spicy and oily food. Do not eat stale food.

  • Do not leave children or pets alone in parked vehicles.

  • Avoid using incandescent light bulbs which may generate unnecessary heat, as can computers or appliances. (Source imdagrimet)

Dos and Don’ts for Heat wave in Agriculture


  • Apply light and frequent irrigation to the standing crops.

  • Increase the frequency of irrigation at critical growth stages.

  • Mulch with crop residue, straw, /polythene or undertake soil mulching to
    conserve soil moisture.

  • Irrigate only during the evening or early morning.

  • User sprinkler irrigation.

  • If your area is prone to heat wave – adopt wind / shelters breaks. (Source imdagrimet)

Animal Husbandry


  • Keep animals in shade and give them plenty of clean and cold water to drink.

  • Do not make them work between 11 am to 4 pm.

  • Cover the shed roof with straw, paint it white or plaster with dung-mud to
    reduce temperature.

  • Use fans, water spray and foggers in the shed.

  • During extreme heat, spray water and take cattle to a water body to cool off. •Give them green grass, protein-fat bypass supplement, mineral mixture and
    salt. Make them graze during cooler hours.

  • Provide curtains and proper ventilation in poultry house. Don’ts

  • Avoid grazing / feeding of cattle during noon hours. (Source imdagrimet)

Story first published: Friday, April 29, 2022, 12:36 [IST]

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