UPSC CSE Key – May 19, 2022: What you need to read today

FRONT PAGE

SC lets Perarivalan walk free, 24 years after death penalty

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

Key Points to Ponder:

• Who is AG Perarivalan?

• A.G. Perarivalan’s role in the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi-Know in brief

• Know in brief the timeline of events in Perarivalan case

• What was the Tamil Nadu Governor’s Stand in 2015 on the remission plea given by AG Perarivalan case seeking release under Article 161 of the Constitution?

• What are Articles 72 and Article 161 of the Constitution?

• Pardoning Powers of Governor-Know in detail

• “Non-exercise of the power under Article 161 is not immune from judicial review”-Decode the quote

• “Article 161 of the Constitution which gives the constitutional power of Governors of States to grant pardon remains a “dead-letter”-how far you agree with this statement?

• The Supreme Court of India invoked the extraordinary power conferred on the court under Article 142 of the Constitution in AG Perarivalan’s Case-What is that “Extraordinary Power” granted to Supreme Court under Article 142 of the Indian Constitution?

• AG Perarivalan Case has once again generald the Federal structure of the Country-Do you agree?

• What is Article 142 of the Indian Constitution?

• What do you understand by the term ‘Complete Justice’? Do you think that the term ‘Complete Justice’ is Subjective?

• Article 142 of the Constitution and ‘complete justice’-How Article 142 ensures ‘complete justice’?

• Know the instances where Supreme Court of India had invoked Article 142 like in Ayodhya Case, Bhopal Gas tragedy case, Liquor sale ban case, Coal Block Allocation Case etc.

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 HIS ROAD TO FREEDOM

📍 My Mother Was My Hope

📍 31 years in prison: The many turns in the case

📍 Article-142 Constitution of India – Is it Sword of “complete justice”?

📍 In Perarivalan’s case, the constitutional battle between governor and government

Previous Year Prelims Questions Based on Similar theme:

📍 with reference to the Constitution of India, prohibitions or limitations or provisions contained in ordinary cannot act as prohibitions or limitations on the constitutional powers under Article 142. (Please refer Prelims GS-1 2019 question Paper for complete question)

PM panel flags urban job guarantee scheme, universal basic income

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Know the Key Highlights of the report “The State of Inequality in India” recently released by the Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM)

• What is labor force participation rate?

• What is Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS)?

• Who publishes Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS)?

• What are the key employment and unemployment indicators used in Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS)?

• What do you understand by ‘Universal Basic Income (UBI)’?

• ‘Universal Basic Income can help in reducing inequality and eliminating poverty’-How far you agree with this statement?

• Universal Basic Income (UBI) has three components-what are they?

• From an economic point of view there are certain objects to a universal basic income-What are they?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS) – Quarterly Bulletin [July-September2021]

📍 Chapter 9 in Economic Survey 2016-17 (Universal Basic Income: A Conversation With and Within the Mahatma)

THE CITY

Baijal resigns as LG, cites personal reasons

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Main Examination: General Studies II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges related to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

Key Points to Ponder:

• Personality in News-Anil Baijal

• What was the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1991?

• Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991-Know the Key Provisions

• The Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021 and Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991-Compare and Contrast

• Know the Key Provisions of the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Act, 2021

• Articles 239AA and 239AB of the Constitution-Know in Detail

• There was Conflict between the Chief Minister of Delhi and the Lieutenant Governor (LG)-What were the point of conflicts between the two?

• Supreme Court of India’s Verdict in Government of NCT of Delhi vs Union of India and Another in 2018 case-Know in Detail

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 LG Anil Baijal vs Delhi govt: How the stand-off played out over the years

Govt flagged low score in World Bank’s governance index

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Indian Polity and Governance

Main Examination: General Studies II: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Key Points to Ponder:

• World Bank’s World Governance Indicators and India’s sovereign ratings recently-Know in detail

• The World Bank’s World Governance Indicators provide a ranking based on certain dimensions of governance-what are they?

• What is ‘World Governance Indicators’?

• World Governance Indicators is a research program of which agency/organisation?

• Worldwide Governance Indicators-Why it is often criticized?

• Know the Pros and Cons of Worldwide Governance Indicators

• What is Severeign Credit Rating?

• Sovereign Credit Rating and its impact on any Country’s Stature-Know in detail

• Severeign credit ratings methodology-How ratings are calculated?

• Sovereign credit ratings-Components involved for Calculation and their weightage

• Know the names of various credit rating agencies

• India’s sovereign credit ratings-India’s credit rating given by these various agencies?

• India’s objection to credit ratings-Know the reasons

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI)

📍Sovereign Credit Rating

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

WHO’s gone wrong

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Main Examination:

• General Studies I: Population and associated issues

• General Studies II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources

Key Points to Ponder:

• World Health Organization recent data on Covid death toll-Key Highlights

• World Health Organization recent data on Covid death toll and New data from the office of the Registrar General of India-why different?

• New data from the office of the Registrar General of India-Key Highlights

• Civil Registration System (CRS) in India-Background

• Registrar General of India-About, Role and Functions

• What does the Civil Registration System (CRS) data say about Covid-19 deaths?

• What do you understand by the term “excess mortality”?

• Why India is strongly objecting to the use of mathematical models by the World Health Organization (WHO) for projecting excess mortality estimates linked to the coronavirus pandemic?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Counting India’s Covid deaths

📍 Explained: The death data in CRS, and why they do not tell the full story of India’s Covid-19 toll

THE IDEAS PAGE

Another time, another

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Mains Examination: General Studies III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilisation of resources, growth, development and employment, Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country

Key Points to Ponder:

• The Government of India has banned wheat exports with effect from May 13, 2022-why?

• What happened between April 11 and May 13 that such a drastic decision had to be taken?

• What could have been done even when wheat production and procurement are down?

• From an all-time high last year, procurement of wheat is set to hit a 15-year low this season, falling below existing stocks for the first time. What are the main reasons for procurement plunging to a 15-year-low this time?

• Wheat Production in India-Know all the facts like Highest producing States, Geography and Environment associated with Wheat Production like Soil, temperature, Rainfall and Humidity etc.

• Wheat Production in India-Wheat is a Rabi or Kharif Crop?

• How does the government procure wheat-Know about government’s wheat procurement policy

• What is the procurement scale against the total production of wheat in India?

• From how many states is wheat procured for the central pool?

• How much wheat is procured for the central pool by the FCI every year?

• What is the procurement scale against the total production of wheat in India?

• What is the share of wheat contribution of various states to the central pool?

• Wheat production in India-Know the statistics

• MSP (minimum support price) and effectiveness of MSP implementation

• How MSP is calculated (paid out costs, labor etc.) and Crops covered under the MSP

• Food Corporation of India (FCI)-About, Role, Functions

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Behind low wheat procurement

📍 Caught with Chaff

EXPLAINED

Why Meghalaya women (not men) prefer more daughters than sons

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What does the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) said on preference for sons in India?

• Megahalaya and preference for more daughters than sons (NFHS-5)-know in detail

• What is the ideal family according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5)?

• Sons and Daughters Preference-Know the data and statistics given by NFHS-5

• What is Matrilineal system of inheritance?

• What is Matriarchal society?

• Map Work-Meghalaya (Mark Garo, Khasi and Jaintia Hills from east to west or west to east)

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 The documentary ‘Are They Better Off’ explores the matrilineal society of Meghalaya

📍 My Mother’s People: What it is like to be a man in a matrilineal society

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