UPSC Key – May 26, 2022: Why and What to know about Hawala Transaction to National Achievement Survey (NAS) for UPSC CSE

FRONT PAGE

NIA court gives life term to Yasin Malik: his crimes meant to strike idea of ​​India

Sillabus:

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Preliminary Examination: Current events of national and international importance.

Main Examination: General Studies III: Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security

Key Points to Ponder:

• Who is Yasin Malik?

• What was the case against Yasin Malik?

• What were the charges of terrorist funding against Malik?

• What Is Hawala?

• How Hawala Transaction works?

• There are certain advantages of Hawala Transaction but it has gained more notoriety than fame, why?

• What makes Hawala illegal?

• How Hawala transaction is regulated in India and What Is the Punishment for Hawala in India?

• How Hawala Transactions are used for terror funding?

• What is Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA)?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Hawala

📍 Explained: The terror-funding case in which JKLF’s Yasin Malik has been convicted

Across class, subject, Covid hits school scores

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

Main Examination: General Studies II: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key Points to Ponder:

• National Achievement Survey (NAS) is a nationally representative large-scale survey of students’ learning undertaken by which ministry?

• Why is a National Achievement Survey (NAS) conducted?

• Which organization under Ministry of Education, Government of India conducts this survey?

• National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021-Know the key outcome of this survey

• What does the National Achievement Survey (NAS) 2021 say about the impact of the COVID pandemic on education?

• What do you understand by Digital-Divide?

• What were the Challenges faced due to the digital divide among teachers across the country?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 The post-pandemic crisis in schooling and higher education portends a grim future for India’s students, especially the poor

THE CITY

DTC officers to take weekly bus trips to get more people on board

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.

Main Examination: General Studies III: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Key Points to Ponder:

• What is the Status of Urban Transport in India?

• Which are the major modes of Public Urban Transport in India?

• India’s transport sector is large and diverse, how much this sector contributes to the nation’s GDP?

• What are the issues and challenges faced by Urban Transport in India?

• What are the Government of India’s Initiatives to address Urban Transport issues?

• What are the various state government’s Initiatives to address Urban Transport issues?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 India Transportation

More than firecrackers, biomass burning made air poor after Diwali: IIT-Delhi study

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change

Main Examination: General Studies III: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Key Points to Ponder:

• A study led by researchers from IIT-Delhi titled ‘Chemical Speciation and Source Apportionment of Ambient PM2.5 in New Delhi Before, During, and After the Diwali Fireworks’-Know the key Highlights of this report

• What are the other reasons for Air pollution in Delhi?

• Why Delhi pollution is always in News?

• Stubble Burning, Happy Seeder and Diwali Crackers-connect the dots

• Know the Geographical location of Delhi

• Being landlocked makes Delhi’s air pollution worse-How far you agree with this?

• Know the Supreme Courts Judgments on Delhi Air Pollutions

• Know the National Green Tribunal and Various Decisions given by NGT like modification in National Clean Air Program

• Air Quality Management in NCR Region-Role and Steps Taken so Far

• What is Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)?

• What are the Steps taken By Central and Delhi Government to Curb Pollution like Car Rationing (Odd-Even Policy)

• Know the best International Practices to Curb Air Pollution in Urban Areas

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Hardlook: Delhi holds its breath

📍 Explained: Why does air pollution rise in October every year?

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

Reform by persuasion

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development and Indian Polity and Governance

Main Examination:

• General Studies II: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges related to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

• General Studies III: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it

Key Points to Ponder:

• The Supreme Court’s recent decision on the recommendations of the GST Council are not binding will have significant implications in determining the nature of GST, How?

• What is the Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• The Kelkar Task Force on the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act, 2003 and the Genesis of Goods and Services Tax (GST)

• Goods and Services Tax (GST) and 101st Amendment Act, 2016-Know in detail

• What are the different types of Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

• Know the differences between Central GST (CGST), State GST (SGST), Union territory GST (UTGST) and Integrated GST (IGST)

• How would a particular transaction of goods and services be taxed simultaneously under Central GST (CGST) and State GST (SGST)?

• What are the benefits of Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India?

• Goods and Services Tax (GST)-Issues and Challenges

• GST Council and Article 279A of the Constitution-Key Provisions

• GST Council and Members-Know in detail

• What is the role of GST Council?

• What is the nature of Federalism in India?

• Important features of Indian federalism-Know in detail

• The Constitution of India provides for a federal system of government, but the term ‘federation’ has nowhere been used in the Constitution-True or False?

• What Supreme Court of India said on Federalism in India in Union of India and Anr versus M/s Mohit Minerals Through Director case?

• What observations did the Supreme Court made on the GST Council and on country’s federal structure? (Hint: Recommendations of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council cannot be binding on the Center and states and many more)

• “The relationship between two constituent units that are not autonomous but rely on each other for their functioning is not in always collaborative or cooperative”-Decode the quote

• Decode the quote- “Democracy and federalism are interdependent on each other for their survival such that federalism would only be stable in well-functioning democracies”.

• Competitive Federalism, Cooperative Federalism and Fiscal Federalism are very much in news. What do you understand by these terms in Indian Scenario?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Explained: The SC ruling that GST Council decisions are not binding on Center or states

📍 The Paradox of ‘Centralised Federalism’: An Analysis of the Challenges to India’s Federal Design

EXPLAINED

Sugar export curbs, impact

Sillabus:

Preliminary Examination: Economic and Social Development

Main Examination: General Studies III: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

Key Points to Ponder:

• Why the Government of India decided to “restrict” the export of sugar, effective from June 1?

• What are the latest curbs?

• How much did India export Sugar during the last few seasons?

• Why the curbs, now?

• What can be the sugar output this season?

Other Important Articles Covering the same topic:

📍 Government must resist demands for banning exports. Real problem that requires addressing is yields

📍 SUGAR LOW

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